We are going to discuss regarding Tips For Growing Aquarium Plants. Plants change the cycle of substances in the aquarium.
The plant must be “fed” in two ways, through photosynthesis (carbon dioxide and light) and minerals (nitrates, phosphates, trace elements). The light in the aquarium is provided by lamps. Lighting should be 10-12 hours a day. Carbon dioxide comes from the respiration of the fish and the decay of various residues in the tank.
It is not worth adding nitrates, phosphates, trace elements. They are often already in the water. They are a direct product of the decomposition of waste, fish, and rotting leaves.
Aquatic plants are floating and rhizome. Some species can live in both directions. Plants with a root system need good soil. Some aquarists consider planting plants in small pots with holes, then burying them in the gravel. This method makes the transplant easier.
Basic Tips for Growing Aquarium Plants:
- The choice of an aquarium is a very important point. The minimum volume is 180 liters. Desirable 240-300 liters.
- It is advisable to grow plants at a temperature of 24-28 degrees. The lid must be closed.
- Aeration is undesirable. Bubbles will create extra turbidity. An external filter is optional, it is better to use a weak internal filter. The strong flow of water disturbs the plants.
- If the water is above average, the plants will grow well.
- The most important thing is the weekly replacement of a fifth of the water.
- Use fertilizers. This item is only suitable for experienced aquarists. The use of chemicals can lead to dire consequences. Overdosing will cause the algae to explode. Only special preparations for aquarium plants should be used.
- Lighting. 10-12 hours a day.
Variety of Aquarium Plants
What kind of a concept are the types of aquarium plants. Basically, aquarium plants are divided into three groups or species. These include the so-called ground or rooted in the ground, floating on the surface of the water and floating in the water column.
Let’s consider each type a little. Aquarium plants (ground or rooted in the ground) Ground species include plants with a powerful and well-developed rhizome. For these plants, the soil in the aquarium is an important factor.
Some types of such plants require little soil and poor care, while for others, on the contrary, at least five cm of soil and plus various fertilizers. If you see various holes, specks, hairs, and other defects beginning to appear on the leaves of the plants, this indicates that your aquarium plants lack fertilizer or feeding.
Fertilizers for indoor flowers are used as a mineral supplement, for example, 20 mg of potassium phosphate per liter of water, you can dilute five grams of magnesium sulfate per hundred liters of water.
Best Applied And Purchased From Stores
Ground plants reproduce vegetatively, by seeds, and by the separation of roots. Aquarium plants (floating in the water column) Aquarium plants floating in the water column are plants without a root or weak root system. These plants have small foxes in the form of petals or sections. Such plants perfectly absorb various dissolved organic and inorganic substances (compounds).
The roots of such plants have a creeping or fibrous appearance, and the roots are also fortifications for such plants. Floating plants serve as food for some fish species or as an additional food additive, for some small fish and fry as shelters, for others as a spawning ground.
Floating Plants Actively Fill the Water With Oxygen
These plants reproduce vegetatively and are highly sensitive to various pollution and temperature changes. Aquarium plants (surface) Surface aquarium plants float mainly on the surface of the water, only in rare cases are there species that, when flowering, can rise from the water column to the surface.
This type of aquarium plants perform important functions of protection, or rather, protection from bright light or sunlight. For many species of fish, surface plants serve as a place where fish lay eggs, and for fry, a shelter.
In most cases, such plants are used for building nests by males and food for fish. Small fish can hide in such plants. In aquariums, surface plants stabilize and maintain biological balance. The leaves of surface plants are medium and voluminous, but at the same time have a delicate structure.
They reproduce very well in a vegetative way. If the lighting is combined and diffused, then surface plants grow very quickly. Not great advice for surface plants: These plants are not good for goldfish, as the fish just eat them on the first day.